SM三螺杆泵(船用柴油机喷油泵)结构:三螺杆泵是利用螺杆的回转来吸排液体的。中间螺杆为主动螺杆，由原动机带动回转，两边的螺杆为从动螺杆，随主动螺杆作反向旋转。主、从动螺 杆的螺纹均为双头螺纹。三螺杆泵是螺杆式式容积泵。在三螺矸泵中，由于主螺杆与从动螺杆上螺旋槽相互啮合及它们与衬套三孔内表面的配合，得以在泵的进口与出口之间形成数级动密封室，这些动密封室将不断把液体由泵进口轴向移动到泵出 口，并使所输送液体逐级升压。从而形成一个连续、平稳、轴向移动的压力液体。三螺杆泵所输送液体为不含固体颗粒，无腐蚀性油类及类似油的润滑性液体，粘度1.2~100oE(3.0~760cst)，高粘度液体亦可通过加温降粘后输送，其温度不超过150oC。Three screw pump pump structure: three screw pump is the use of screw rotary to absorb liquid.The middle screw to active screw, the prime mover, on both sides of the screw is driven screw, with the active screw do reverse rotation.Lord, driven screw thread are double thread.Three screw pump is screw type positive displacement pump.In three screw pump of coal and gangue, the spiral groove on the main screw and driven screw pitch and they cooperate with three hole on the surface of the bushing, formed between in the import and export of the pump number level dynamic seal chamber, the dynamic seal chamber will continue to move liquids from pump axial pump out of the mouth, and make the conveying liquid booster step by step.To form a continuous, smooth, axial movement of liquid pressure.Three screw pump for conveying liquid not containing solid particles, non-corrosive oil and similar oil lubrication and liquid viscosity of 1.2 ~ 100 oe (3.0 ~ 760 CST), is high viscosity liquids through the heating viscosity after delivery, the temperature does not exceed 150 oc.
由于各螺杆的相互啮合以及螺杆与衬筒内壁的紧密配合，在泵的吸入口和排出口之间，就会被分隔成一个或多个密封空间。随着螺杆的转动和啮合，这些密封空间在泵的吸入端不断形成，将吸入室中的液体封入其中，并自吸入室沿螺杆轴向连续地推移至排出端，将封闭在 各空间中的液体不断排出，犹如一螺母在螺纹回转时被不断向前推进的情形那样，其中螺纹圈数看做液体，当螺钉旋转时螺纹在转动时就相当于液体在螺杆泵里面的情形，这就是螺杆泵的基本工作原理。螺杆与壳体之间的密封面是一个空间曲面。在这个曲面上存在着诸如ab或de之类的非密封区，并且与螺杆的凹槽部分形成许多三角形的缺口abc、def。这些三角形 的缺口构成液体的通道，使主动螺杆凹槽A与从动螺杆上的凹槽B、C相连通。而凹槽B、C又沿着自己的螺线绕向背面， 并分别和背面的凹槽D、E相连通。由于在槽D、E与槽F(它属于另一头螺线)相衔接的密封面上，也存在着类似于正面的三角形缺口a’b’c’，所以D、F、E也将相通。这样，凹槽ABCDEA也就组成一个“∞” 形的密封空间(如采用单头螺纹，则凹槽将顺轴向盘饶螺杆，将吸排口贯通，无法形成密封)。不难想象，在这样的螺杆 上，将形成许多个独立的“∞”形密封空间，每一个密封空间所占有的轴向长度恰好等于累杆的导程t。因此，为了使螺杆能吸、排油口分隔开来，螺杆的螺纹段的长度至少要大于一个导程。Due to the mutual engagement of each screw and screw and the close coordination of the liner wall, between the inlet and outlet of the pump, can be divided into one or more of the sealed space.With the rotation of the screw and the meshing, the sealed space in pump suction side form unceasingly, the liquid from the suction chamber seal in among them, and the suction chamber along the screw axial continuously goes on to the discharge end, will be closed in the space of the liquid discharge, like a nut in screw rotation being constantly move forward, the screw thread turns as liquid, when screw rotating screw rotation is equivalent to the liquid in the inside of the screw pump, this is the basic work principle of screw pump.The sealing surface between screw and shell is a space curved surface.Exist on the surface of the sealing section, such as ab or DE and screw groove part of the form many the gap of the triangle ABC, def.These triangular gap formation fluid channels, make active screw groove with A driven screw groove on the connected to B and C.And groove B, C and along their spiral around to the back, and, respectively, and on the back of the groove connected to D and E.Due to the tank D, E and F (it belongs to another head spiral) of corresponding seal surface, there are also similar to the positive triangle gap a 'b' c ', so D, F, E will also is same.So, grooves ABCDEA on forming a "up" form of the sealed space (such as using single thread, axial disc groove will arrange spare screw, connecting the suction PaiKou, unable to form a seal).It is not hard to imagine that in this kind of screw, will form a number of independent "up" form sealed space, each of the sealed space occupied the axial length equals the tired stem lead t.Therefore, in order to make the screw suction and discharge of oil can be separated, the length of the screw thread of at least than a lead.
螺杆泵(船用柴油机喷油泵)有以下优点:1)压力和流量范围宽阔。压力约在3.4-340千克力/cm 2，流量可达18600cm3/分；2)运送液体的种类和粘度范围宽广；3)因为泵内的回转部件惯性力较低，故可使用很高的转速；4)吸入性能好，具有自吸能力；5)流量均匀连续，振动小，噪音低；6)与其它回转泵相比，对进入的气体和污物不太敏感； 7)结构坚实，安装保养容易。rate of up to 18600 cubic cm/min;2) wide range of delivery and type of liquid viscosity;3) because the rotary inertia force component inside the pump is low, so it can be used in high speed;4) inhalation can good, have since
螺杆泵的缺点是，螺杆的加工和装配要求较高；泵的性能对液体的粘度变化比较敏感。Screw pump has the following advantages: 1) the wide range of pressure and flow.Pressure about 3.4-340 kg/cm 2, flow
Suction capacity;5) flow uniformly continuous, little vibration, low noise;6) compared with other rotary pump, less sensitive to enter gas and dirt;7) solid structure, installation and maintenance easy.The screw pump's disadvantage is that the screw processing and assembling the demand is higher;The performance of the pump is more sensitive to the viscosity of the liquid change.
螺杆泵具有以下优点:1．和离心泵相比螺杆泵无需安装阀们流量是稳定的线性流动;2． 和柱塞泵相比螺杆泵具有自吸能力强、吸入高度强;3．和隔膜泵相比螺杆泵可输送各种混合杂质含有气体及固体颗粒或纤维的介质，也可输送各种腐蚀性物质;4． 和齿轮相比，螺杆泵可输送高粘度的物质;5．和柱塞泵，隔膜泵及齿轮泵
不同的是，螺杆泵可用于药剂填充和计量.Screw pump has the following advantages: 1. Compared with screw pump and centrifugal pump doesn't need to install the valve flow is stable linear flow;2. Compared with those of screw pump plunger pump self-priming capability is strong, strong suction height;3. Compared with the diaphragm pump screw pump can transport all kinds of gas and solid particle mixing impurities or fiber medium, also can transport all kinds of corrosive substance;4. Compared with gear, screw pump can transport high viscosity material;5. And plunger pump, diaphragm pump and the gear pump, screw pump can be used in the pharmaceutical filling and metering.